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State Government

New York State Capitol

State Government

New York state encompasses 10 Indian reservations, more than 3,400 active local governments and more than 4,200 taxing jurisdictions. There are 62 counties, 63 cities, 932 towns and 438 villages in the state.


For those who vote, or do not vote, we all deserve the government we have. To help people better understand how their government operates Rabbi Nachman Simon and Marc Gronich have interviewed 326 government officials, elected and appointed, on the local, state and federal levels, over a four year period.

There are three branches of government – the Judiciary, Legislative and Executive branch.



The Judicial Branch


The Judiciary is a massive court system with the Court of Appeals being the final court of decision on cases that are disputed in lower level courts. These lower courts include State Supreme, Court of Claims, Civil and Criminal matters, Four departments which serve as judicial appellate divisions. There are 13 judicial districts throughout the states. The court system in the state becomes more complicated as you dig deeper. You can go to:

http://ww2.nycourts.gov/sites/default/files/document/files/2018-05/AdminStructure_0.pdf for more information.

The Legislative Branch


There are currently 213 state lawmakers – 63 members in the Senate and 150 members in the Assembly. Once every decade, based on the U.S. Census count, the districts are realigned to better reflect an even population spread for lawmakers to represent. While the Assembly remains at 150 members, the number of Senate can fluctuate. The state legislature meets from January to June for approxiamtely 60 session days. The rest of the time state lawmakers keep busy dealing with constituent complaints and problems.


In addition to relaligning the state legislative district lines, the lawmakers are also responsible to create the districts for members of Congress representing New York state. When lawmakers cannot decide on fair lines, the obligation gets thrown to the courts and a federal judge is assigned to handle that task.

Executive Branch


The governor helms the appointments of hiring the employees in the state agencies. The appointees serve at the pleasure of the governor unless they are in civil service positions represented by one of several state unions.


You can obtain specific information by clicking here: http://a856-gbol.nyc.gov/GBOLWebsite/GreenBook/Details?orgId=3004


You can also click here:  http://a856-gbol.nyc.gov/GBOLWebsite/


Information about the offices of Governor, Comptroller and Attorney General can be found here: https://www.ny.gov/agencies


To find out the salaries of every state, public authority, county, city, town, village, school and library employees as well as a wealth of other information about how your state and local tax dollars are being spent, click here: https://www.seethroughny.net/